December 9th, 2008
Aztec History and Aztec Civilization both show that the use of money
is not a precondition to a good economy. The Aztec civilization thrived
in the high plateau of central Mexico. And the Aztecs did not have a cent!
Aztec history tells us that in the 16th Century, the Aztecs were pretty much running central Mesoamerica, but two hundred years before, their fathers and mothers were crude and war-like barbarian nomadic people. The original Aztecs hailed all the way from up North, around what is now Arizona, They migrated South, all the way to the high plateau, today it is the Federal District, Mexico City. So much is known of Aztec history from the archeological records.
The Aztec men first served as muscle for the established local houses and interests. Eventually, Aztec muscle was deciding all the important issues, and they took over. The reign of the Aztecs had only begun when the Spanish ships’ white sails arrived.
The Spaniard, Hernan Cortez with his grimy band of adventurers marched into the Mesoamerican civilization, centered in Tenochtitlán, now the site of Mexico City.
Bernal Diaz, one of Cortez’ soldiers wrote a long and famous account of his experience. He frankly marveled at that wonderfully well-ordered economics and at a city built on a giant lake communicated by long causeways. Diaz said there was no city in Spain that compared to what he was seeing, he described the intensive agriculture he found everywhere and the fact that there seemed to be no poor people, nor miserable beggars.
The Aztecs were not the authors of the very successful economic system of central Mexico, they inherited it. The Aztecs were primitives compared to the population they had taken political control over. In order to bolster their own credibility and importance, the Aztecs rulers were forever comparing themselves to the centuries-old traditional Toltec deities.
The Toltec civilization was around the 9th Century, 500 years before the Aztec civilization.
back when the Aztecs ancestors were still eating snakes in the desert. The ancient Tolteca society enjoyed a flourishing well-ordered economy centered in Tula, now the State of Hidalgo, about a hundred miles north-east of Mexico City. It was this economic model of the Toltec civilization that the Aztec civilization inherited – a productive communal economic model, at which that hoary old soldier, Bernal Diaz, openly marveled.
The name Tolteca means “artisans”. In the time of the Toltec civilization, nobody went hungry, they spent much of their time decorating their temples and painting them with vivid colors and detailed drawings. The Toltec civilization had very little use for money. The Tolteca civilization was too well-off to bother inventing money.
The Toltecs had a class of servants, called pochtli, who were the only ones whose hands touched commercial goods. Pochtli were a low class of humans, as compared to the everyday folks, who enjoyed all of the bounteous foods growing under the sun in Mexico. Toltec civilization was made up of free individuals in the communal society. Aztec civilization was a rude band of usurpers who were more than content to run Aztec religious and war game operations for their own jaded amusement and in honor of gods they could not be absolutely certain they could understand correctly. However, the point here is that Toltec civilization was inherent in the people and they knew how to work and consume and distribute everything needed. Aztec history is pretty clear at least what little Aztec history survived the friar’s fires and the fragility of human memory
In ancient Mexico, in the Toltec civilization, Mexican people did not go out and buy what they needed to live, by somehow going out and getting the money to pay for it. Whatever the people needed, the villages produced it and distributed it themselves. There was really no universal commerce going on as we know it today. They didn’t use money as a means of transaction and commerce, at least, not that important an element in the economics of these societies. Post-Conquest transcriptions, said to be itemized commercial records, exist; nonetheless, commercial trading was NOT the universal way those societies produced and distributed their physical requirements. The surviving records all refer to tribute from remote tribes. Surviving records of normal local day-to-day business transactions for the Aztec civilization are rare, or non-existent.
El calendario Maya era el centro de la vida Maya y uno de los mas grandes logros culturales de la humanidad.
Autenticas Reproducciones en Joyería de los símbolos del Calendario Azteca.